The human, ecological and economic costs of an accident can impact the whole of society. Therefore, it is necessary to establish and apply safety and risk-reduction measures to prevent accidents and reduce their impacts. Furthermore, resilience should be enhanced in order to anticipate the effects of climate hazards (such as flooding, forest fires and drought) and geological hazards (i.e. tsunamis and seismic hazards). Moreover, rather than perceiving incidents in silos, a multi-hazard approach should be applied in order to be prepared for cascading effects.
As the volume of international trade continues to expand and an increasing emphasis is placed on supply chain security and trade facilitation, the role of Customs is evolving. As an example, the use of data analysis has become as important as the use of detection technologies in dealing with existing and emerging threats. This continuous drive for more efficient and more effective customs processes calls for the integrated application of innovative information and detection technologies on the land-, see- and air borders.
The protection of critical infrastructure is key in providing security for society. This form of protection concerns critical infrastructure in various domains including electrical power, transport, water and financial infrastructures. In addition, urban soft targets are included in this scope as well.